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    1. #1
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Fuel Mixture Warning XC90 2016

      The past few weeks, I've noticed the engine running a little rough...sounds like it's eight-stroking on acceleration and the idle is a bit lumpy. The acceleration is laggy too.

      So today an engine warning lamp popped up on the dash.

      I ran a diagnostic program and it came back with "Fuel Mixture Imbalance". Classic eight-stroking cause....

      However, this is a lean mixture warning not a rich mixture warning...so it kind of shouldn't be eight-stroking

      However, on inspection of at least one plug the plug is super sooty suggesting a rich mixture (at least on that cylinder...or it may not have been burning at all (poor spark?). The plugs have been replaced and this is the one (#4) that was oily previously

      IMG_3711.jpg

      There's quite a clicking sound coming from #4 cylinder too. I'll try and put some video together and link it.

      Has anyone else had this issue?

      It could be I need to just clean the MAF sensor...or it could be one of the oxygen sensors...or maybe throttle body/butterfly a bit sticky (I had that in a VQ35 engine once before...a bit painful to clean 'cause the butterfly was further back than the length of my fingers...a gynaecologist I 'aint!) or a leaky vacuum hose (which I have no idea what to look for there)

      Our local dealer can't see the car until the 22nd of Jan 2020!

      Thank you
      Last edited by brett_xc90; 01-13-2020 at 06:33 AM.

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    3. #2
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Fuel Mixture Warning

      Hereís a link to the video of engine clicking.
      https://youtu.be/5ZaE6KeWHDw

      Also, our dealer has contacted us back and suggested we organise a tow for it as they should be able to perform quicker and supply a car for up to 5 days.
      Itís out of warranty by 2 weeks too....so, awesome
      He said heíll try for a goodwill repair


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      Last edited by brett_xc90; 01-13-2020 at 01:54 AM.
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    4. #3
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Possible split inter cooler hose...


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      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
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    6. #4
      Junior Member satrya's Avatar
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      That's unfortunate. Hopefully a good portion of the repair is covered.

      Is this a T5, T6, or T8 (as they all use intercooler)?
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    7. #5
      Junior Member drmanny3's Avatar
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      Yes soot, that looks like a plug that is too cold or getting too rich a mixture. It would result in misfire which is probably what you are hearing/feeling. Our cars are direct injection. So wonder if something is up with the injector or the coil that provides the juice for spark. Could be a lot of things. keep us aware. I would not think it is an expensive part. But the labor can be high taking everything apart. I would think that they will goodwill you on this.
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    8. #6
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Fuel Mixture Warning

      Thank you for your replies, folks.
      @SATYRA
      Sorry...I didn't mention that it is a T6 Inscription

      An update:
      Apparently a two piece plastic manifold housing that connects to the supercharger is cracked (supercharger housing resonator?).
      It's a part that since 2016 has been upgraded so it shouldn't happen again.
      I've looked here
      https://www.oemvolvopartsonline.com/...and-components
      for a resembling part but can't determine which one...

      They have quoted $1965.00 for fixing it...seems steep but I don't know where in the engine bay this is so probably mostly labour(?)
      Maybe they would have done goodwill but I had tried getting the extended warranty last year (multiple emails and phone calls that were not returned in November and December (which I have records of)).
      So finally I got onto someone from customer care today and they have agreed to allow me to purchase the extended warranty (2 weeks past end).
      Have a guess how much?
      $1995...so $30 more than the repair

      Quote Originally Posted by drmanny3 View Post
      So wonder if something is up with the injector or the coil that provides the juice for spark.
      With regard to the coil, geez...they're pigs to put back on because they don't have a positive feel. The connector is soft rubber, so it seems to compress rather than click onto the spark plug.
      The coils for my Toyota are much better in this regard.
      I did wonder if there was a proper connection with this plug - the others seems 'better connected'.

      [email protected] had a 1963 EJ Holden Premier with leather trim. The front bucket seats didn't recline....but the backseat was amazing

      http://www.alexhollandclassiccars.co...r/IMG_9894.JPG

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      Last edited by brett_xc90; 01-16-2020 at 06:05 AM.
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      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
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      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
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    9. #7
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      I'm guessing it's this part here:

      https://www.oemvolvopartsonline.com/...ItMGwtbDQtZ2Fz

      Which is a far cry from $1965....thatsa lotta labour!

    10. #8
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      I donít know why Tapatalk has doubled up my reply above...not showing like that on swedespeed


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      ____________________________________
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      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
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    11. #9
      Junior Member satrya's Avatar
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      Quote Originally Posted by brett_xc90 View Post
      So finally I got onto someone from customer care today and they have agreed to allow me to purchase the extended warranty (2 weeks past end).
      Have a guess how much?
      $1995...so $30 more than the repair
      Since it is about the same, if the extended warranty can fully cover the repair, it still seems worth going with the extension imho, even if it only covers to the end of this year. No?
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    12. #10
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Fuel Mixture Warning

      Yes. That is what we did....and were going to do regardless.


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      ____________________________________
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      1963 EJ Holden Premier - most beloved, deepest regret selling
      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
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    13. #11
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Hereís an interesting vid on the T6 twin charged engine. It explains the supercharger function and you kind of get a feel for where itís located


      https://youtu.be/e86z6XZVGrg


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      ____________________________________
      Cars Owned:
      1963 EJ Holden Premier - most beloved, deepest regret selling
      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
      Current:
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    14. #12
      Junior Member drmanny3's Avatar
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      Quote Originally Posted by brett_xc90 View Post
      Hereís an interesting vid on the T6 twin charged engine. It explains the supercharger function and you kind of get a feel for where itís located


      https://youtu.be/e86z6XZVGrg


      Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
      As noted in the video the technology incorporated into our engines is really cool. While the engine might not be a large V8 or large 6, it behaves as if it is. Volvo bet the farm on reducing the number of unique engines in favor of one that can be modified relatively easily to fit the application. There is no indication that these engines are not reliable or capable of returning high mileage. They are complex as the requirements for emissions control remains high. I am really impressed with what Volvo has accomplished. My hat is off to their engineers and decision makers. The T8 kicks ass.
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    15. #13
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      Quote Originally Posted by brett_xc90 View Post
      The past few weeks, I've noticed the engine running a little rough...sounds like it's eight-stroking on acceleration and the idle is a bit lumpy. The acceleration is laggy too.

      So today an engine warning lamp popped up on the dash.

      I ran a diagnostic program and it came back with "Fuel Mixture Imbalance". Classic eight-stroking cause....

      However, this is a lean mixture warning not a rich mixture warning...so it kind of shouldn't be eight-stroking

      However, on inspection of at least one plug the plug is super sooty suggesting a rich mixture (at least on that cylinder...or it may not have been burning at all (poor spark?). The plugs have been replaced and this is the one (#4) that was oily previously

      IMG_3711.jpg

      There's quite a clicking sound coming from #4 cylinder too. I'll try and put some video together and link it.

      Has anyone else had this issue?

      It could be I need to just clean the MAF sensor...or it could be one of the oxygen sensors...or maybe throttle body/butterfly a bit sticky (I had that in a VQ35 engine once before...a bit painful to clean 'cause the butterfly was further back than the length of my fingers...a gynaecologist I 'aint!) or a leaky vacuum hose (which I have no idea what to look for there)

      Our local dealer can't see the car until the 22nd of Jan 2020!

      Thank you
      My16 car recently had "Engine reduced performance" error when I turned on the car, and then the engine was shut off immediately. Tried to restart again, same thing happened. However, after locking the car for awhile, it's turned on without any problem. When driving on the street, I noticed there were randomly minor accelerations even not pressing the gas pedal. I asked them to check the errors during 40k service. They replaced the fuel pump module indicating abnormal low/high fuel pressure. There are also few error codes and "Fuel Mixture" printed on the service paper. I don't notice any abnormal sound from the engine though.

    16. #14
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Cool

      I spoke with the dealer today.
      The part has arrived but no time to install yet. He figures around 4 hrs to do the job...

      From the above info, you do the math on installation rate....>😀<

      That's right....$370/hr

      I really wish they'd commit to a lie properly before they start flapping their gums 😮
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      1990 Nissan Skyline
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      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
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    17. #15
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      There are several gaskets and seals going to the supercharger. Are they just replacing the front resonator assembly? It's a pain in the ass job and just because he guesses it's 4 hours doesn't mean that's what it pays if they use flat rate.

      They might be pulling the supercharger to replace all the gaskets and seals too.

    18. #16
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Quote Originally Posted by Tech View Post
      There are several gaskets and seals going to the supercharger. Are they just replacing the front resonator assembly? It's a pain in the ass job and just because he guesses it's 4 hours doesn't mean that's what it pays if they use flat rate.

      They might be pulling the supercharger to replace all the gaskets and seals too.

      Yeah - I guessed more hours TBH. To me it looks like the engine would need to come out to get to the whole resonator assembly in. It's pretty tight back there and that's why I posted the YouTube video.

      I was just being facetious 😀

      I was wondering when you'd weigh in BTW.
      I figured you'd hold your thoughts on this as different workshops have different setups and it'd be unfair to cast judgement based on what you could do without seeing what they have at hand 😉

      They're hoping to have it done by tomorrow but we'll see. I'd certainly rather they take their time and not miss anything - the service manager and I agreed on that point today.
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      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
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    19. #17
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      Missed this post somehow. P0171 is usually the code stored and then I would have guessed either an oxygen sensor or air leak to the supercharger.

      The front resonator seal has a TJ for it in the US. I've done a couple only to then smoke check it and find another seal leaking. Now I pull the whole supercharger and replace all the seals. It's much easier to do with the supercharger out and then I know there are no leaks. I've gotten that down to about 3 hours. First one was much longer. I forgot what it pays for warranty and I haven't had one out of warranty yet so I don't know what it pays for customer pay.

    20. #18
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      That's interesting...

      Yes P0171 was the error that came up - lean fuel mixture.

      The resonator box is a complete new unit now - single piece rather than two piece from what the service manager tells me. Different order codes now too.
      We don't have a TJ for it here...only replace if fails rather than replace at next service (is that what your TJ's do... replace at next service?)

      I know how you feel about people bringing information to you sourced from the internet, so how do you think I should approach the service manager with your experience in pulling the whole unit out and smoke testing?

      Maybe I should let them just do their job and point it out after...

      It'd be a beautiful resource here for all you technicians to benefit from each other's experiences.
      Last edited by brett_xc90; 01-16-2020 at 07:15 AM.
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      1963 EJ Holden Premier - most beloved, deepest regret selling
      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
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      2016 Volvo XC90 Inscription

    21. #19
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      They're replacing the whole resonator box rather than just seals too
      ____________________________________
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      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
      Current:
      2013 Toyota RAV 4 GLX Cruiser
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    22. #20
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      The front resonator is still two pieces, it's just been redesigned. TJs do not mean we replace parts for no reason. They are things to check and replace for certain symptoms. We have a TJ in the US to check the resonator for a leak if ECM-P017100 is stored and leaking.

      They should replace it and then recheck the intake system for leaks. Hopefully that was it. I've gone through the hassle of replacing the resonator in the car only to smoke check it after and find another leak downstream, requiring removal of the supercharger. So on a 2016, I just do them all at once.

    23. #21
      Junior Member drmanny3's Avatar
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      Tech, so given we now know that there is a leak(s) in the resonator that is part of the supercharger what is actually happening to cause the one plug become sooted up so to speak? Is the force of air to this plug less so that there is a richer mixture? From a diagnostic standpoint I want to know rather than just the replacement part. I'm a chemist and always want to know the why behind something...
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    24. #22
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      Good question but I don't know exactly. Obviously an air leak in the intake system throws off the air/fuel mixture. The ECM tries to compensate as best it can up to a certain point. I suspect that has something to do with it but not sure why just that plug was like that.

    25. #23
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      Let's see if attaching via mobile works any better this time. If not, I'll edit this when I get home. But here is the parts diagram for the supercharger.

      41 is the front resonator. Technically only 41. So I guess it has always been one piece. I've been referring to 41 and 19 together as the front resonator. But gasket 45 is what leaks. Because 41 was redesigned, you need 19 as well.

      However, I have seen leaks from 31 and 52 as well. So I pull the whole thing and replace 19, 41 (comes with 45 and 46), 44, 53, 30, 31, 35, 51 and 54. Bench test it for leaks. Then install and test again.
      Attached Images Attached Images
      Last edited by Tech; 01-16-2020 at 03:41 PM.

    26. #24
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      @drmanny3
      To clarify, I only checked one plug. The reason I checked #4 is because it was oily in the past and because this is the area where the loudest ticking noise was coming from.
      I suspect all other plugs would have been fouled too

      @tech is probably correct reasoning that the leak has forced a compensation further along the line (more fuel added because the error was saying too much air. But not all sensors were picking that up. The MAF sensor is before the leak, for example)


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      Cars Owned:
      1963 EJ Holden Premier - most beloved, deepest regret selling
      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
      Current:
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      2016 Volvo XC90 Inscription

    27. #25
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      @tech
      Iíve had confirmed by the service department that they are using the same method you mention above. I.e. pull out supercharger and replace all items RE resonator.

      Thanks for explaining your experience in this area.
      I was able to get the service manager to properly explain their process without asking them!
      His answer gave me confidence as it aligned 100% with your comments


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      Cars Owned:
      1963 EJ Holden Premier - most beloved, deepest regret selling
      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
      Current:
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      2016 Volvo XC90 Inscription

    28. #26
      Junior Member satrya's Avatar
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      Quote Originally Posted by brett_xc90 View Post
      His answer gave me confidence as it aligned 100% with your comments
      Could be the same person
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    29. #27
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Quote Originally Posted by satrya View Post
      Could be the same person
      Haha. Yep, I guess so. Pretty certain itís not though as Tech is in the US, Iím in AUS


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    30. #28
      Junior Member satrya's Avatar
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      Quote Originally Posted by brett_xc90 View Post
      Haha. Yep, I guess so. Pretty certain itís not though as Tech is in the US, Iím in AUS
      In hindsight; the Holden on your signature list would've suggested that... but still, Tech could be one that is sent to specific dealers from corporate to troubleshoot unique things.
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    31. #29
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      Quote Originally Posted by satrya View Post
      Quote Originally Posted by brett_xc90 View Post
      Haha. Yep, I guess so. Pretty certain it’s not though as Tech is in the US, I’m in AUS
      In hindsight; the Holden on your signature list would've suggested that... but still, Tech could be one that is sent to specific dealers from corporate to troubleshoot unique things.
      I'm a dealer tech in the US, not an FTS. VCNA wouldn't send an FTS to Australia. Not sure how it works there but I'd assume they have their own.

    32. #30
      Junior Member drmanny3's Avatar
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      Quote Originally Posted by brett_xc90 View Post
      @drmanny3
      To clarify, I only checked one plug. The reason I checked #4 is because it was oily in the past and because this is the area where the loudest ticking noise was coming from.
      I suspect all other plugs would have been fouled too

      @tech is probably correct reasoning that the leak has forced a compensation further along the line (more fuel added because the error was saying too much air. But not all sensors were picking that up. The MAF sensor is before the leak, for example)


      Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
      I had assumed that the plug you pictured was different from the others. However, I guess if we are concluding that there were air leaks in the supercharger that the ECU would try and compensate by increasing the fuel. So if this is true then perhaps the remaining plugs should look similar. I teach problem solving and part of the process is identifying the root cause. Without the root cause and the associated effort to eliminate it, we are forever stuck in repeating the problem. It is important not only to understand how a leak manifests itself in a soot covered plug and eventually in an error code but what caused the leak in the first place. If you can identify where the leak is coming from then further investigation will show how the seal failed. In the end this may have been the reason for the re-design. When you are repairing a car at the dealership what is important is getting the car repaired and back to the client.

      The manufacturer has the time and support necessary to review the failure and then either try and recreate it so that they can either design out of it or find a fix that will consistently work. Believe it or not the Auto Industry in general is committed to what is often termed The Ford Global 8 D problem solving process. A key aspect is root cause analysis and immediate initial fixes to prevent the problem from continuing until a permanent fix can be implemented. This is not a line failure but a field failure. So it makes it more difficult to isolate and work backwards. I love this stuff. Thanks to all who have helped us better understand the whys. There are some infamous root cause analysis problems two of which are the Shuttle Explosion and the Gulf Oil Spill.
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    33. #31
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      Fuel Mixture Warning

      Careful @drmanny3....youíll get me started on oil viscosity


      Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
      ____________________________________
      Cars Owned:
      1963 EJ Holden Premier - most beloved, deepest regret selling
      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
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    34. #32
      Junior Member brett_xc90's Avatar
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      A quick update. I pick up the car tomorrow.

      After resonator repair yesterday, they ran some tests and an O2 sensor had failed too.

      Iíll let you know how it feels after
      Thanks for the information youíve provided, too.


      Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
      ____________________________________
      Cars Owned:
      1963 EJ Holden Premier - most beloved, deepest regret selling
      1974 Series 2 Jaguar XJ6
      1990 Nissan Skyline
      1998 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2000 Mitsubishi Magna
      1992 80 Series Landcruiser GLX with 4.2ltr Turbo Diesel and 4 speed Auto - unbelievable tourer on and off road
      2002 Toyota Echo - went from Toyota's biggest to smallest!
      2004 Suzuki Grand Vitara
      2004 Mitsubishi Magna Station Wagon
      1991 80 Series Toyota Landcruiser Turbo Diesel 5 speed manual - terrible purchase...
      2006 Mitsubishi Magna
      2004 Nissan Elgrande Starwagon
      2010 Nissan Skyline - an awesome car
      Current:
      2013 Toyota RAV 4 GLX Cruiser
      2016 Volvo XC90 Inscription

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